106317741018900000000000000001600983--12-312021FYKnightscope, Inc19617107257703605936929013131197101890004.181.96P3Y111P4Yfalse0001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesSClassPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesM3ClassPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesBClassBPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesSClassPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesM3ClassPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesBClassBPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesSClassPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesM3ClassPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesM1ClassPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesBClassBPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesSClassPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesM3ClassPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesM1ClassPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesBClassBPreferredStockMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-12-3100016009832019-06-300001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2017-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM4PreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM4PreferredStockMemberus-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2019-12-310001600983us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2018-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM2PreferredStockMember2018-01-310001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2017-01-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassBMemberus-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-12-3100016009832019-01-012019-12-310001600983kscp:EquityIncentivePlan2016Member2021-12-310001600983kscp:EquityIncentivePlan2016Member2016-12-310001600983kscp:EquityIncentivePlan2014Member2014-04-300001600983srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:EquityIncentivePlan2016Member2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesBPreferredStockMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM4PreferredStockMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM2PreferredStockMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesBPreferredStockMember2019-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember2019-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2019-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2019-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM4PreferredStockMember2019-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2019-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM2PreferredStockMember2019-12-310001600983srt:MinimumMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983srt:MaximumMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SoftwareDevelopmentMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SoftwareDevelopmentMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2022-01-262022-01-2600016009832022-01-262022-01-260001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMemberkscp:RegulationOffering2020Member2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMemberkscp:RegulationDOfferingMember2020-07-152020-07-150001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2018-01-012018-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2017-01-012017-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2017-01-012017-12-310001600983kscp:PaycheckProtectionProgramMember2020-04-042020-04-0400016009832021-10-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM1PreferredStockMember2021-11-300001600983kscp:SeriesM2PreferredStockMember2018-02-280001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMemberkscp:RegulationDOfferingMember2018-07-110001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMemberkscp:RegulationDOfferingMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:PaycheckProtectionProgramMember2020-12-310001600983kscp:FinancingArrangementMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:WarrantMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:WarrantMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:WarrantMember2019-12-3100016009832018-01-012018-12-310001600983kscp:KonicaMinoltaInc.Member2021-12-310001600983kscp:KonicaMinoltaInc.Member2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMember2022-01-010001600983kscp:PaycheckProtectionProgramMember2020-04-240001600983kscp:WallStreetFundingMember2020-03-190001600983kscp:ReliantFundingMember2019-12-310001600983kscp:FinancingArrangementMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodTwoMember2019-02-280001600983kscp:FinancingArrangementMemberus-gaap:DebtInstrumentRedemptionPeriodThreeMember2019-02-280001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMember2019-04-300001600983kscp:PaycheckProtectionProgramMember2021-05-202021-05-200001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMember2021-07-010001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMember2021-06-290001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMember2020-06-300001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMember2019-04-302019-04-300001600983kscp:KonicaMinoltaInc.Member2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:KonicaMinoltaInc.Member2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:ShippingAndHandlingMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:ShippingAndHandlingMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMemberkscp:SeriesM4PreferredStockMember2019-06-300001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMemberkscp:SeriesM4PreferredStockMember2019-06-100001600983us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2022-01-052022-01-050001600983kscp:ClientTwoIndividuallyAccountedMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:ClientOneMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMemberus-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:ClientOneIndividuallyAccountedMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:ClientTwoMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMemberus-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:ClientThreeIndividuallyAccountedMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:ClientOneMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMemberus-gaap:CreditConcentrationRiskMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:ClientFourIndividuallyAccountedMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:ClientFiveIndividuallyAccountedMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMemberus-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassAMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:TermLoanAgreementMemberus-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2019-07-230001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2018-06-200001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2018-03-160001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2018-01-160001600983kscp:ClassOfWarrantsExpirationDateNovember72026Memberus-gaap:SeriesBPreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:ClassOfWarrantsExpirationDateMay232028Memberus-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:ClassOfWarrantsExpirationDateJuly312024Memberkscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:ClassOfWarrantsExpirationDateDecember312024Memberkscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:ClassOfWarrantsExpirationDateDecember312024Memberkscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:ClassOfWarrantsExpirationDateApril102025Memberus-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMember2021-11-180001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2021-11-1800016009832021-11-180001600983kscp:ProductionsLlcMember2019-07-230001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMemberkscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2019-04-3000016009832018-06-2000016009832018-05-3100016009832018-03-1600016009832018-01-1600016009832019-12-310001600983us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Memberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMemberus-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesBPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtSecuritiesMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesSClassPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesM3ClassPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesBClassBPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseCommonStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM2PreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM1PreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesBPreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtSecuritiesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesSClassPreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesM3ClassPreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesM1ClassPreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseSeriesBClassBPreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:WarrantsToPurchaseCommonStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM4PreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM2PreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember2020-12-310001600983us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:GeneralAndAdministrativeExpenseMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:CostOfSalesMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM1PreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesBPreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM2PreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM1PreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesBPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM2PreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM4PreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesM4PreferredStockMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983srt:MinimumMemberkscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMemberkscp:RegulationDOfferingMember2018-07-112018-07-110001600983srt:MaximumMemberkscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMemberkscp:RegulationDOfferingMember2018-07-112018-07-110001600983kscp:SeriesM1PreferredStockMember2021-11-012021-11-300001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMemberkscp:RegulationDOfferingMember2019-01-012019-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMemberkscp:SeriesM4PreferredStockMember2019-06-012019-06-3000016009832022-01-012022-01-0100016009832021-11-182021-11-180001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:WallStreetFundingMember2020-03-192020-03-190001600983kscp:ReliantFundingMember2019-12-092019-12-090001600983kscp:TermLoanAgreementMember2018-05-012018-05-310001600983kscp:ClientOneMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:ClientTwoMemberus-gaap:AccountsReceivableMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:ClientTwoIndividuallyAccountedMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:ClientThreeIndividuallyAccountedMemberus-gaap:SalesRevenueNetMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983kscp:TermOfStockOptionsIfPriceOf110OfFairMarketValueMemberkscp:EquityIncentivePlan2016Member2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:TermOfStockOptionsIfPriceOf100OfFairMarketValueMemberkscp:EquityIncentivePlan2016Member2021-01-012021-12-310001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2016-12-232016-12-230001600983kscp:FinancingArrangementMember2019-02-280001600983kscp:TermLoanAgreementMember2018-05-310001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMemberkscp:RegulationOffering2020Member2020-07-152020-07-150001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMemberkscp:RegulationDOfferingMember2019-05-212019-05-210001600983kscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMemberkscp:RegulationDOfferingMember2018-07-112018-07-110001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2017-01-012017-01-310001600983kscp:FinancingArrangementMember2019-02-282019-02-280001600983us-gaap:CommonClassAMemberus-gaap:SubsequentEventMember2022-01-012022-03-310001600983us-gaap:WarrantMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:WarrantMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMemberkscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMemberkscp:SeriesSPreferredStockMember2019-04-302019-04-300001600983kscp:PaycheckProtectionProgramMember2021-05-200001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMemberkscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2019-06-300001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMemberkscp:SeriesM3PreferredStockMember2019-06-100001600983kscp:SeriesMPreferredStockMember2018-02-280001600983us-gaap:CommonClassBMember2021-12-310001600983srt:MinimumMemberkscp:AutonomousSecurityRobotsNetMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983srt:MaximumMemberkscp:AutonomousSecurityRobotsNetMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMemberkscp:AutonomousSecurityRobotsNetMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMemberkscp:AutonomousSecurityRobotsNetMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:CostOfSalesMemberkscp:AutonomousSecurityRobotsNetMember2021-01-012021-12-310001600983us-gaap:SellingAndMarketingExpenseMemberkscp:AutonomousSecurityRobotsNetMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:ResearchAndDevelopmentExpenseMemberkscp:AutonomousSecurityRobotsNetMember2020-01-012020-12-310001600983us-gaap:CostOfSalesMemberkscp:AutonomousSecurityRobotsNetMember2020-01-012020-12-3100016009832020-01-012020-12-3100016009832021-12-3100016009832020-12-3100016009832021-04-200001600983us-gaap:ConvertibleNotesPayableMember2021-12-310001600983kscp:FinancingArrangementMember2021-03-310001600983us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-01-012021-12-3100016009832022-02-2800016009832022-03-0700016009832021-01-012021-12-31xbrli:sharesiso4217:USDxbrli:purekscp:clientkscp:paymentkscp:itemiso4217:USDxbrli:shares

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For The Transition Period FromTo

Commission file number: 001-41248

KNIGHTSCOPE, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

46-2482575

(State of Other Jurisdiction of incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

1070 Terra Bella Avenue

Mountain View, CA

94043

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (650) 924-1025

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Name of each exchange

Title of each class

Trading symbol(s)

on which registered

Class A Common Stock, $0.001 Par Value per Share

KSCP

Nasdaq Global Market

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant  (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.0405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes   No

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 232.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company 

Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

As of June 30, 2021, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, there was no established public market for the registrant’s Class A Common Stock and, therefore, the registrant cannot calculate the aggregate market value of its Class A Common Stock held by non-affiliates as of such date. At February 28, 2022, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s Class A Common Stock held by non-affiliates based upon the closing price of such shares on The Nasdaq Global Market on such date was $158.6 million. For purposes of the foregoing calculation, all directors and executive officers of the registrant and holders of more than 10% of the registrant’s Class A Common Stock are assumed to be affiliates of the registrant. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.

As of March 7, 2022, there were 23,761,895 shares of the registrant’s Class A common stock outstanding.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K incorporates certain information by reference from the registrant’s proxy statement for the 2022 annual meeting of stockholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission no later than 120 days after the end of the registrant’s fiscal year ended December 31, 2021.

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

   

Page

PART I

Item 1. Business

4

Item 1A. Risk Factors

9

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

18

Item 2. Properties

18

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

19

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

19

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

19

Item 6. [Reserved]

19

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

19

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

27

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

27

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

28

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

28

Item 9B. Other Information

29

Item 9C. Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

29

PART III

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

29

Item 11. Executive Compensation

29

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

29

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

29

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services

29

PART IV

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

29

Item 16. Form 10-K Summary

31

Signatures

32

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

F-1

2

Table of Contents

SPECIAL NOTE ABOUT FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report on Form 10-K (this “Annual Report”), including “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. We intend such forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions for forward-looking statements contained in Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). All statements contained in this Annual Report other than statements of historical fact, including statements regarding our future operating results and financial position, our business strategy and plans, market growth, and our objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. The words “believe,” “may,” “will,” “estimate,” “potential,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “expect,” “could,” “would,” “project,” “plan,” “target,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report include, but are not limited to, statements about:

The success of our products and product candidates will require significant capital resources and years of development efforts;
Our limited number of deployments and the risk of limited market acceptance of our products;
Our ability to protect our intellectual property and to develop, maintain and enhance a strong brand;
Our limited operating history by which performance can be gauged;
Our ability to operate and collect digital information on behalf of our clients, which is dependent on the privacy laws of jurisdictions in which our Autonomous Security Robots (“ASR”) operate, as well as the corporate policies of our clients, which may limit our ability to fully deploy our technologies in various markets;
Our ability to raise capital, our rolling closes of equity infusions for our financings, and the availability of future financing;
Unpredictable events, such as the COVID-19 outbreak, and associated business disruptions could seriously harm our future revenues and financial condition, delay our operations, increase our costs and expenses, and impact our ability to raise capital; and
Our ability to manage our research, development, expansion, growth and operating expenses.

We have based these forward-looking statements on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives, and financial needs. These forward- looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties, and assumptions and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those stated, including those described in the sections titled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in Part II, Item 7 and “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of this Annual Report , as such factors may be updated in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, (“the SEC”). Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties, and assumptions, the future events and trends discussed in this Annual Report may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements. In particular, the impact of the current COVID-19 pandemic on economic conditions and the fitness industry in general and our financial position and operating results in particular have been material, are changing rapidly, and cannot be predicted.

You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements may not be achieved or occur. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, performance, or achievements. Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Annual Report, and we undertake no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements for any reason after the date of this Annual Report or to conform these statements to actual results or revised expectations, except as required by law.

3

Table of Contents

In this Annual Report, the words “we,” “us,” “our,” and “Knightscope” refer to Knightscope, Inc., unless the context requires otherwise.

PART I

Item 1. Business

Overview

We are a developer of advanced physical security technologies focused on enhancing U.S. security operations. Knightscope designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and supports Autonomous Security Robots (“ASRs”) with real-time on-site data collection and analysis and a proprietary interface for both indoor and outdoor usage. In addition, we developed and operate the Knightscope Security Operations Center (“KSOC”) which allows real-time data access, a service accessible to all our clients.

We are a Delaware Corporation, founded in April 2013. Our worldwide headquarters are located at 1070 Terra Bella Ave, Mountain View, CA 94043 and our telephone number is (650) 679-7626.

Strategy

Our primary focus is on the development, deployment, and marketing of our core technologies which are designed to be a force multiplier, offering improved situational awareness to security professionals and are suitable for most environments that require security patrol coverage. We sell our solutions under an annual subscription, Machine-as-a-Service (“MaaS”) business model, which includes the ASR rental as well as maintenance, service, support, data transfer, KSOC access, docking stations, and unlimited software, firmware and select hardware upgrades. Our current strategy is to focus on servicing the United States for the foreseeable future before considering global expansion.

Industry background

In the United States, there are more than 8,000 private security firms and over 19,000 law enforcement agencies – a fragmented marketplace relying primarily on human beings for monitoring and patrol activities. We believe that our products offer a better economic proposition for our clients relative to a human guard or a mobile vehicle patrol unit operating 24/7, enabling security professionals to focus on strategic decision-making.

Products

ASRs

The K3 and K5 are designed to roam a geo-fenced area autonomously by utilizing numerous sensors and lasers, either on a random basis or based on a particular patrolling algorithm. They can successfully navigate around people, vehicles and objects in dynamic indoor or outdoor environments. To do this, the ASRs employ several autonomous motion and self-driving technologies, including lasers, ultrasonic sensors, inertial measurement unit (“IMU”), and wheel encoders as well as a robust navigation software stack. Each ASR can generate 1 to 2 terabytes of data per week and over 90 terabytes of data per year, which is accessible for review and analysis via the KSOC. Clients can recall, review, and save the data for analysis, forensic or archival purposes. Each ASR can autonomously charge and recharge on a 24-hour basis, 7 days per week without human intervention. Clients may also utilize the patrol scheduler feature on the KSOC to schedule periodic or regular patrols during certain times for alternative patrol routes.

The dimensions of the K5 are as follows: Height: 5 feet, Width: 3 feet, Weight 398 pounds.

The K5 is designed to be used primarily outdoors in such environments as open air malls, corporate campuses, hospitals, stadiums, retailers, warehouses, logistics facilities, college campuses, airports, train stations and multi-level parking structures. The K5’s advanced anomaly detection features include:

360-degree high-definition night and day video capture positioned at eye-level;
Live streaming and recorded high-definition video capabilities;

4

Table of Contents

Automatic license plate recognition;
Parking meter feature, which assesses the top 10 vehicles and their “dwell time” in a particular location. If a vehicle is parked for more than 24 hours in the same location, a user can receive an alert or have the data flagged. The parking meter feature can also track the top 10 stationary vehicles in an area and accurate parking meter readout for each such vehicle;
People detection, which can alert a user in real-time of people detected on their premises, together with 360-degree recorded high-definition video. A user can use the timestamp of the recording to search through other data detected to assess and better understand other conditions in the area patrolled by the ASR;
Thermal imaging, which allows for triggered alerts based on temperature. For example, assisting with alerts regarding increased risks of fires;
Two-way communication feature may be utilized for both public announcements and avoidance of human physical confrontations with dangerous individuals; and
Signal detection can be utilized as a rogue router detector for sensitive locations such as a data center.

The dimensions of the K3 are as follows: Height: 4 feet, Width: 2 feet, Weight 340 pounds.

The K3 is tailored for indoor usage, allowing it to autonomously navigate complex dynamic indoor environments such as an indoor mall, office building, manufacturing facility, hospital, stadium plaza, warehouse or school. It has the same suite of advanced anomaly detection capabilities as the K5, but the parking utilization, parking meter and license plate recognition features are turned off.

The ASRs include several communications features. The units can transfer data over both 4G LTE networks and Wi-Fi as well as future 5G capabilities. Each one has an available intercom that may be used for two-way communication with a security team. In addition, one or multiple units may be used as a live broadcast public address system or to deliver pre-recorded messages.

The ASRs run on rechargeable batteries. They are configured to patrol autonomously for approximately two to three hours, following which, without human intervention, the ASRs find and dock to a charging station, recharging for approximately 20 minutes or more before resuming patrol. The ASRs remain operational during the charging period, providing 24/7 uptime to clients.

The K1 carries all the relevant features from the K3 and K5 but in a stationary format. In 2020, the Company added elevated body temperature sensing capabilities to this model. The K1 can be used indoors or outdoors and especially at ingress/egress points for both people and vehicles.

The dimensions of the K1 are: Height 5.75 feet, Width 2.7 feet, Weight: 150 pounds.

KSOC

The KSOC is our intuitive, browser-based interface that, coupled with ASRs, provides security professionals with “smart mobile eyes and ears and voice – on the ground” Once alerted of an abnormal event, such as a person spotted during a specific time in a particular location, authorized users can view the live stream of data in the KSOC from each of the ASRs in the user’s network, accessing it from a security operations center or a remote laptop.

Products in Development

The Company is in the process of developing the 5th generation of the K5, which is planned for initial release later in 2022, as well as the 2nd generation K1. In addition, the K7 multi-terrain ASR is under development. The K7 is expected to have the same features as the K5, but to employ four wheels for use on more rugged outdoor terrain such as dirt, sand, and gravel. We expect that the K7 could be utilized at airfields, power utilities, borders, solar farms, wind farms or oil or gas fields. While this technology builds on a great deal of our technology stack, we anticipate that its development will require additional time before it can be launched into full-scale production. Additionally, we have begun work on version 7.0 of the KSOC.

5

Table of Contents

KNOC

The Company has built a custom set of tools that enables it to manage and monitor the network of ASRs operating in the field nationwide, which it refers to as the Knightscope Network Operations Center (“KNOC”). These tools allow our team to monitor the health of the ASRs down to the millisecond, with dozens of alerts related to critical indicators and statistics, including charging, software, navigation and temperatures. We also use the KNOC to execute over-the-air software upgrades, patches and other related items. The KNOC is staffed 24/7 by the Company in the U.S.

Additionally, the Company offers “Knightscope+” remote monitoring as an optional service that can be bundled into its MaaS subscriptions, primarily for clients that operate without a fully staffed 24/7 Security Operations Center (“SOC”).

Clients

Knightscope’s products are designed to supplement the work of security professionals and are suitable for most environments that require security patrol coverage. In the United States, there are more than 8,000 private security firms and over 19,000 law enforcement agencies – a fragmented marketplace that we believe offers numerous opportunities for disruption.

Knightscope’s ASRs provide our clients with the ability to augment their existing security infrastructure, enabling human security resources to be more strategic in their approach to security. Our MaaS solution has been deployed across a broad range of clients, including but not limited to casinos, corporations, law enforcement, and property management companies. In addition, Knightscope continues to partner with strategic resellers for our ASRs, such as large security companies looking to augment the security solutions offered to their customers with advanced technology.

Sales and Marketing

We market our products at trade shows both live and virtual, including GSX, ISC West, ISC East as well as Company-sponsored private events and on-site private demonstrations during the pre-pandemic period. The Company has been able to successfully sell new contracts through virtual private demonstrations during the pandemic and has embarked on an innovative “Robot Roadshow” beginning in the fourth quarter of 2021. The initiative entails a cross country tour of a physical “Pod” housing numerous ASRs providing a one-on-one hybrid offline/online selling technique with in-person robots and telepresence sales staff. Furthermore, we have significantly increased resources dedicated to achieving an Authority-to-Operate ("ATO") from the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program ("FedRamp"), targeted for approximately the end of 2022. The federal government adopted the Cloud First Policy, which requires all cloud service providers that hold federal data to be FedRamp certified. FedRamp compliance will enable federal agencies to do business with Knightscope.

We regularly advertise in the media through various online and offline channels.

Research and Development

Our research and development efforts focus primarily on the development of robust base technology as well as scaling efforts. In addition, we will continue to enhance our ASRs’ capabilities, features and functionality of the KSOC software platform, and develop a four-wheel version of our ASR technology, the K7, which is intended to operate in a wider range of challenging terrains. In 2021, we commenced the FedRamp certification process, which is expected to continue throughout 2022 and will require ongoing support thereafter for the foreseeable future.

Intellectual Property

The Company holds nine patents collectively covering its ASRs, the security data analysis and display features of the KSOC and its parking monitor feature. The Company also has pending patent applications relating to its ASRs, KSOC, parking monitor feature, behavioral autonomous technology and the ASRs’ behavioral autonomous technology relating to visible weapon detection. The Company owns a trademark registration for its name “Knightscope” in the U.S. On August 10, 2021, the Company filed two trademark applications (Serial Numbers: 90875695 for LONG KNIGHTSCOPE. SHORT THE CRIMINALS and 90875697 for $KSCP). The Company relies and expects to continue to rely on a combination of confidentiality agreements with its employees, consultants, and third parties with whom it has relationships, as well as trademark, copyright, patent, trade secret, and domain name protection laws, to protect its proprietary rights.

6

Table of Contents

Manufacturing and Suppliers

Knightscope assembles its ASRs at its Mountain View, California headquarters from components manufactured by more than 75 suppliers. The Company’s top three suppliers, measured by spending, are Kaman Automation, Inc., Inc., based in Indiana, Fast Radius, based in Illinois, and E and M Electric and Machinery Inc., based in California. The Company is not highly dependent on any one supplier and believes it can source components from other suppliers and has done so when necessary. Under pre-pandemic conditions, the manufacturing lead-time for two-thirds of the Company’s components is 30 to 60 days or less, with the remainder requiring up to 90 days. Current lead times for certain components and systems are consistent with pre-pandemic lead times for a portion of the bill-of-material. With the onset of supply chain constraints, the Company has experienced delays on a few key components and increased requirements to pre-pay for certain raw material. The Company has taken certain countermeasures including, but not limited to, adjusting production schedules, renegotiating supply agreements, re-designing systems, using multiple worldwide brokers, and purchasing larger quantities of key parts in advance. Despite our efforts to minimize the impact of supply chain limitations on our operations during 2021, we expect to continue to experience some delays in our ability to build and deploy ASRs to our clients during 2022 due to global supply chain constraints, including, but not limited to, the impact of the continuing conflict in the Ukraine.

In order optimize our ability to serve our clients, we have partnered with one of our strategic investors, Konica Minolta, Inc., to train their technicians to service, maintain and support our machines-in-network and assist us with our nationwide scaling efforts.

Competition

At the moment, we are not aware of any direct competitors in the advanced physical security technology space that have viable commercial products in the United States, outdoors and indoors, at the same scale as Knightscope with actual paying clients. It is a common misconception among some people outside of the security industry that we compete against closed-circuit television (CCTV) providers. They are not, in fact, competitive products because cameras do not provide a physical presence, are typically used for forensics after an event, and do not offer a client the plethora of capabilities available in an ASR/KSOC combination. We believe that having these two types of systems working together provide a more holistic approach to promoting safety and reducing crime. While traditional human guards provide a closer comparator or competitor in some cases, we believe that utilizing our “Software+Hardware+Humans” approach is much more effective.

We are aware of a start-up, SMP Robotics Services Corp. (“SMP”), which produces an outdoor autonomous security platform that it markets through third-party distributors and is now primarily focused on international markets. We had previously listed Gamma 2 Robotics and SHARP Electronics as potential competitors in this space. However, according to industry sources, we understand that both Gamma 2 Robotics and SHARP Electronics have ceased operations in the security robot space after failed attempts to enter the market, and SMP also ceased efforts with its North American distributor. Cobalt Robotics, a start-up exclusively focused on indoor applications, may be considered a partial competitor, although its products are not fully autonomous and more of a telepresence security guard offering. Additionally, Turing AI has recently begun offering an indoor-only robot and Robotic Assistance Devices has continued to grow its stationary fixed device offerings, similar to other fixed solutions, such as those offered by Verkada.

We compete indirectly with private physical security firms that provide clients with security personnel and other security services. Our ASRs offer clients a significant cost reduction relative to the cost of human security guards. In addition, ASRs offer significantly more capabilities, such as license plate detection, data gathering, thermal imaging and people detection that are delivered consistently, on a 24-hour, 7 day per week basis, without regular human intervention. In certain cases, our technology complements and improves the operations of traditional security firms.

Government Regulation

Our operations are subject to numerous governmental laws and regulations, including those governing antitrust and competition, the environment, collection, recycling, treatment and disposal of covered electronic products and components.

In addition, a number of data protection laws impact, or may impact, the manner in which we collect, process and transfer personal data. U.S. laws that have been applied to protect user privacy (including laws regarding unfair and deceptive practices) may be subject to evolving interpretations or applications in light of privacy developments. Compliance with enhanced data protection laws requires additional resources and efforts, and noncompliance with personal data protection regulations could result in increased regulatory enforcement and significant monetary fines and costs.

7

Table of Contents

Backlog and Seasonality

As of March 18, 2022, we had orders representing approximately $1.7 million in sales outstanding, all of which related to services that we expect to deliver within one year. As of December 31, 2021 and 2020, we had orders representing approximately $1.1 million and $0.7 million in sales outstanding, respectively.

We have not experienced any significant effects relating to seasonality for our products and services.

Human Capital

As of December 31, 2021, the Company had 55 full-time employees working primarily out of our combined headquarters and production facility in Mountain View, California. We are not a party to any collective bargaining agreements and believe our employee relations are satisfactory.

The Company believes that our future growth and success will depend in part on our ability to attract and retain highly-skilled employees. The executive management team is responsible for developing and executing the Company’s human capital strategy. The human capital strategy includes the attraction, acquisition, engagement, and development of the Company’s employees, which are fundamental to executing on our strategy and key to the design of employee compensation and benefits programs required to fit the needs of our employees. The CEO regularly updates the Company’s board of directors on key areas of our human capital strategy, including the following:

Diversity and Inclusion: The Company’s management team and board of directors believes in the benefits workforce diversity can provide. Innovation is critical for any technology company – and we believe that it benefits by the creative thinking that happens when people with different perspectives and backgrounds come together. We believe diverse teams can better relate to the many and varied needs of our Clients. We promote a culture where individual differences are valued which also allows us to attract the very best talent further encouraging our people to reach their full potential.

We are committed to taking action on employee feedback and have implemented both corporate and business group action plans to address employee concerns. Further, we are committed to making all benefit and employment-related decisions in compliance with established equal employment opportunity statutes and without regard to religion, national origin, age, gender, race, color, ancestry, sexual orientation, disability, marital status, citizenship, pregnancy, medical condition or any other protected class status, as defined by local, state or federal laws.

We believe strongly in building a workforce that is diverse and that can build strong working relationships with our Clients. We support an inclusive culture and motivate our workforce to be themselves while at work. We are committed to providing our employees with a positive and safe work environment that is free of discrimination, harassment, and workplace violence. We encourage our employees to embrace different ideas, strengths, interests, and cultural backgrounds. Professional development and inclusion are important to us.

Health and Safety: Health, safety, and the well-being of our employees is one of our top priorities. We strive to achieve world-class safety levels on an annual basis. Our safety culture focuses on reducing workplace injuries and is supported by effective communication and reporting of workplace injuries. To protect our employees in facilities in which our teams operate, we have employed preventative measures to ensure the health and safety of our employees. We ensure our preventative measures are in compliance with the most recent local governmental regulations and requirements. These preventative measures not only apply to our physical operations, but also to health and safety measures implemented to address the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Available Information

We file reports and other information with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), which are accessible on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Our Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are available, free of charge, on our website at www.knightscope.com. We make these reports available through our website as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such reports with, or furnish such reports to, the SEC. The information provided on, or accessible through, our website is not a part of, or incorporated into, this Annual Report on Form 10-K. You may also access this information, free of charge, at the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov.

8

Table of Contents

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Selected Risks Related to the Business

We are an early-stage company and have not yet generated any profits or significant revenues.

The Company was formed in 2013 and made its first pilot sales in 2015. Accordingly, the Company has a limited history upon which to evaluate its performance and future prospects. Our current and proposed operations are subject to all the business risks associated with new enterprises. These include likely fluctuations in operating results as the Company makes significant investments in research, development and product opportunities, and reacts to developments in its market, including purchasing patterns of clients, and the entry of competitors into the market. We will only be able to pay dividends on any shares once our board of directors determines that we are financially able to do so. The Company has incurred a net loss and generated limited revenues since inception. In 2021, the Company’s revenues were concentrated with a small number of key clients. Changes in our relationships with these parties or changes in the economic environments in which they operate could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flowsSee Note 1 to the Company’s audited financial statements. We cannot assure you that we will be profitable in the next several years or generate sufficient revenues to pay dividends to the holders of the shares or meet our debt servicing and payment obligations.

We may not be able to continue to operate the business if we are not successful in securing additional fundraising and, as a result, we may not be able to continue as a going concern.

We are dependent on additional fundraising in order to sustain our ongoing operations. The Company has a history of losses and has projected operating losses and negative cash flows for the next several months. Our financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”), which contemplate that we will continue to operate as a going concern. Our financial statements do not contain any adjustments that might result if we are unable to continue as a going concern. We cannot assure you that the Company will be successful in acquiring additional funding at levels sufficient to fund our future operations beyond its current cash runway. If the Company is unable to raise additional capital in sufficient amounts or on terms acceptable to it, the Company may have to significantly reduce its operations or delay, scale back or discontinue the development of one or more of its platforms, seek alternative financing arrangements, declare bankruptcy or terminate its operations entirely.

The Company expects to experience future losses as it implements its business strategy and will need to generate significant revenues to achieve profitability, which may not occur.

We have incurred net losses since our inception, and we expect to continue to incur net losses in the future. To date, we have funded our operations from the sale of equity and debt securities and by means of credit facilities and other financing arrangements. We expect to continue to increase operating expenses as we implement our business strategy, which include development, sales and marketing, and general and administrative expenses and, as a result, we expect to incur additional losses and continued negative cash flow from operations for the foreseeable future. We will need to generate significant revenues to achieve profitability. We cannot assure you that we will ever generate sufficient revenues to achieve profitability. If we do achieve profitability in some future period, we cannot assure you that we can sustain profitability on a quarterly or annual basis in the future. If our revenues grow more slowly than we anticipate or if our operating expenses exceed our expectations or cannot be adjusted accordingly, our business, operating results and financial condition will be materially and adversely affected.

The Company has a limited operating history by which performance can be gauged.

Any evaluation of our business and our prospects must be considered in light of our limited operating history and the risks and uncertainties encountered by companies in our stage of development. Further, our industry is characterized by rapid technological change, changing client needs, evolving industry standards and frequent introduction of new products and services. We have encountered and will continue to encounter risks and difficulties frequently experienced by growing companies in rapidly changing industries. If we do not address these risks successfully, our operating results will be harmed.

The Company is subject to potential fluctuations in operating results.

Our sales cycles can be long and unpredictable, and our sales efforts require considerable time and expense. As a result, our sales are difficult to predict and may vary substantially from quarter to quarter, which may cause our operating results to fluctuate significantly.

9

Table of Contents

We spend a substantial amount of time, effort and money in our sales efforts without any assurance that our efforts will produce any revenue and the timing of our revenue is difficult to predict. Our sales efforts involve educating our clients about the use and benefit of our new products and technology, including their technical capabilities and potential cost savings to the clients. Clients typically undertake a significant evaluation process that has in the past resulted in a lengthy sales cycle. In addition, product purchases are frequently subject to budget constraints, regulatory and administrative approvals, and other delays. If sales expected from a specific client for a particular quarter are not realized in that quarter or at all, our business, operating results and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.

The Company’s future operating results are difficult to predict and may be affected by a number of factors, many of which are outside of the Company’s control.

The market for advanced physical security technology is relatively new and unproven and is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. The industry is characterized by rapid change, new and complex technology and intense competition. Our ability to gain market share depends upon our ability to satisfy client demands, enhance existing products and services and develop and introduce new products and services. Our ability to gain market share also depends on a number of factors beyond our control, including the perceived value associated with our products and services, the public’s perception of the use of robots to perform tasks traditionally reserved for humans, and our clients’ acceptance that security services can be performed more efficiently and cost-effectively through the use of our products and ancillary services. If any of these factors turns against us, our future operating results could be materially and adversely affected.

Unanticipated obstacles may hinder the execution of the Company’s business plan.

Because of the number and range of the assumptions underlying our projections and forward-looking statements, many of which are subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies that are beyond our reasonable control, some of the assumptions inevitably will not materialize and unanticipated obstacles may occur subsequent to the date of this report, including:

Our failure to maintain and grow the client base;
Our clients may suffer downturns, financial instability or be subject to mergers or acquisitions;
Our failure to develop and introduce new products;
Adverse changes affecting our suppliers and other third-party service providers;
Adverse litigation judgments, settlements, or other litigation-related costs; and
Adverse changes in business or macroeconomic conditions including regulatory changes.

The occurrence of any of these unanticipated obstacles will hinder the execution of our business plan and adversely affect our operating results.

We have a limited number of deployments, and limited market acceptance of our products could harm our business.

The market for advanced physical security technology is relatively new and unproven and is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties. The numbers, types and locations of ASRs in service vary depending on the duration of each client contract, client demand and similar factors. As a result, the numbers, types and locations of ASRs in service that are currently deployed may not be representative of client contracts and client demand in the future. In order to grow our business and extend our market position, we will need to place into service more ASRs, expand our service offerings, including by developing a new generation of our K5 ASR and the K7 ASR, and expand our presence nationwide. Our ability to expand the market for our products depends on a number of factors, including the cost, performance and perceived value associated with our products and services. Furthermore, the public’s perception of the use of robots to perform certain tasks traditionally reserved for humans may negatively affect demand for our products and services. Ultimately, our success will depend largely on our clients’ acceptance that security services can be performed more efficiently and cost effectively through the use of our ASRs and ancillary services.

10

Table of Contents

We cannot assure you that we will effectively manage our growth.

Knightscope’s employee headcount and the scope and complexity of our business have increased significantly since we were first formed, and Knightscope expects to continue hiring additional employees. The growth and expansion of our business and products create significant challenges for our management, operational, and financial resources, including managing multiple relationships and interactions with users, distributors, vendors, and other third parties. As the Company continues to grow, our information technology systems, internal management processes, internal controls and procedures and production processes may not be adequate to support our operations. To ensure success, we must continue to improve our operational, financial, and management processes and systems and to effectively expand, train, and manage our employee base. As we continue to grow, and implement more complex organizational and management structures, we may find it increasingly difficult to maintain the benefits of our corporate culture, including our current team’s efficiency and expertise, which could negatively affect our business performance.

Our costs may grow more quickly than our revenues, harming our business and profitability.

Providing Knightscope’s products is costly because of our research and development expenses, production costs, operating costs and need for employees with specialized skills. We expect our expenses to continue to increase in the future as we expand our product offerings beyond the K1, K3 and K5, expand production capabilities and hire additional employees. Historically, Knightscope’s costs have increased each year due to these factors and the Company expects to continue to incur increasing costs, in particular for working capital to purchase inventory, marketing and product deployments as well as costs of client support in the field. Our expenses may be greater than we anticipate, which would have a negative impact on our financial position, assets and ability to invest further in the growth and expansion of the business. In addition, expansion across the country will require increased marketing, sales, promotion and other operating expenses. Further, as additional competitors enter our market, we expect an increased pressure on production costs and margins.

All of our assets, possibly including our intellectual property, may be pledged as collateral to a lender.

From time to time, the Company may utilize a variety of forms of debt or other financing arrangements, for example the financing arrangement that we entered into in February 2019 under which we collateralized fifty (50) ASRs (this financing arrangement has since been terminated), and credit facilities that may contain covenants that limit our ability to engage in specified types of transactions. These covenants would likely limit our ability to, among other things:

Incur certain additional indebtedness;
Pay dividends on, repurchase or make distributions in respect our capital stock;
Make certain investments;
Sell or dispose of certain assets;
Grant liens; and
Consolidate, merge, sell or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets.

A breach of any of these covenants could result in a default under a credit facility and permit the lender to cease making loans to us. Upon the occurrence of an event of default under a loan agreement, the lender could elect to declare all amounts outstanding thereunder to be immediately due and payable. We may pledge a significant portion of our assets, inclusive of our intellectual property, as collateral to support a new loan agreement. If the lender accelerates the repayment of borrowings, we may not have sufficient assets to repay them and we could experience a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations, including bankruptcy. In the event of a bankruptcy or other reorganization of our debt, our creditors would have priority over our stockholders, and the value of your shares could be eliminated.

11

Table of Contents

The loss of one or more of our key personnel, or our failure to attract and retain other highly qualified personnel in the future, could harm our business.

Knightscope currently depends on the continued services and performance of key members of its management team, in particular, its founders, William Santana Li and Stacy Dean Stephens. If we cannot call upon them or other key management personnel for any reason, our operations and development could be harmed. The Company has not yet developed a succession plan nor does it carry any key man life insurance on any members of its management team. Furthermore, as the Company grows, it will be required to hire and attract additional qualified professionals such as accounting, legal, finance, production, service and engineering experts. The Company may not be able to locate or attract qualified individuals for such positions, which will affect the Company’s ability to grow and expand its business.

If we are unable to protect our intellectual property, the value of our brand and other intangible assets may be diminished and our business may be adversely affected.

Knightscope relies and expects to continue to rely on a combination of confidentiality agreements with its employees, consultants, and third parties with whom it has relationships, as well as trademark, copyright, patent, trade secret, and domain name protection laws, to protect its proprietary rights. The Company has filed in the United States various applications for protection of certain aspects of its intellectual property, and currently holds nine patents. However, third parties may knowingly or unknowingly infringe our proprietary rights, third parties may challenge proprietary rights held by Knightscope, and pending and future trademark and patent applications may not be approved. In addition, effective intellectual property protection may not be available in every country in which we intend to operate in the future. In any or all of these cases, we may be required to expend significant time and expense in order to prevent infringement or to enforce our rights. Although we have taken measures to protect our proprietary rights, we cannot assure you that others will not offer products or concepts that are substantially similar to those of Knightscope and compete with our business. In addition, as a company we may not have the financial or human resources to devote to adequately defending our intellectual property rights. If the protection of our proprietary rights is inadequate to prevent unauthorized use or appropriation by third parties, the value of our brand and other intangible assets may be diminished and competitors may be able to more effectively mimic our service and methods of operations. Any of these events could have an adverse effect on our business and financial results.

Our financial results will fluctuate in the future, which makes them difficult to predict.

Knightscope’s financial results have fluctuated in the past and will fluctuate in the future. Additionally, we have a limited operating history with the current scale of our business, which makes it difficult to forecast future results. As a result, you should not rely upon the Company’s past financial results as indicators of future performance. You should take into account the risks and uncertainties frequently encountered by rapidly growing companies in evolving markets. Our financial results in any given quarter can be influenced by numerous factors, many of which we are unable to predict or are outside of our control, including:

Knightscope’s ability to maintain and grow its client base;
Our clients may suffer downturns, financial instability or be subject to mergers or acquisitions;
The development and introduction of new products by Knightscope or its competitors;
Increases in marketing, sales, service and other operating expenses that we may incur to grow and expand our operations and to remain competitive;
Knightscope’s ability to achieve gross margins and operating margins;
Changes affecting our suppliers and other third-party service providers;
Adverse litigation judgments, settlements, or other litigation-related costs; and
Changes in business or macroeconomic conditions including regulatory changes.

12

Table of Contents

We may face additional competition.

We are aware of a number of other companies that are developing physical security technology in the United States and abroad that may potentially compete with our technology and services. These or new competitors may have more resources than us or may be better capitalized, which may give them a significant advantage, for example, in offering better pricing than the Company, surviving an economic downturn or in reaching profitability. We cannot assure you that we will be able to compete successfully against existing or emerging competitors. Additionally, existing private security firms may also compete on price by lowering their operating costs, developing new business models or providing other incentives.

Our ability to operate and collect digital information on behalf of our clients is dependent on the privacy laws of jurisdictions in which our ASRs operate, as well as the corporate policies of our clients, which may limit our ability to fully deploy our technologies in various markets.

Our ASRs collect, store and may analyze certain types of personal or identifying information regarding individuals that interact with the ASRs. While we maintain stringent data security procedures, the regulatory framework for privacy and security issues is rapidly evolving worldwide and is likely to remain uncertain for the foreseeable future. Federal and state government bodies and agencies have in the past adopted, and may in the future adopt, laws and regulations affecting data privacy, which in turn affect the breadth and type of features that we can offer to our clients. In addition, our clients have separate internal policies, procedures and controls regarding privacy and data security with which we may be required to comply. Because the interpretation and application of many privacy and data protection laws are uncertain, it is possible that these laws may be interpreted or applied in a manner that is inconsistent with our current data management practices or the features of our products. If so, in addition to the possibility of fines, lawsuits and other claims and penalties, we could be required to fundamentally change our business activities and practices or modify our products, which could have an adverse effect on our business. Additionally, we may become a target of information-focused or data collection attacks and any inability to adequately address privacy and security concerns, even if unfounded, or comply with applicable privacy and data security laws, regulations, and policies, could result in additional cost and liability to us, damage our reputation, inhibit sales, and adversely affect our business. Furthermore, the costs of compliance with, and other burdens imposed by, the laws, regulations, and policies that are applicable to the businesses of our clients may limit the use and adoption of, and reduce the overall demand for, our products. Privacy and data security concerns, whether valid or not valid, may inhibit market adoption of our products, particularly in certain industries and foreign countries. If we are not able to adjust to changing laws, regulations, our business may be harmed.

We have limited experience in operating our ASRs in a variety of environments and increased interactions may lead to collisions, possible liability and negative publicity.

Our ASRs operate autonomously in environments, such as shopping malls, parking lots and stadiums, that are surrounded by various moving and stationary physical obstacles and by humans and vehicles. Such environments are prone to collisions, unintended interactions and various other incidents, regardless of our technology. Therefore, there is a possibility that our ASRs may be involved in a collision with any number of such obstacles. Our ASRs contain a number of advanced sensors that are designed to effectively prevent any such incidents and are intended to stop any motion at the detection of intervening objects. Nonetheless, real-life environments, especially those in crowded areas, are unpredictable and situations may arise in which the ASRs may not perform as intended. Infrequent, but highly publicized incidents of autonomous vehicle and human interactions have focused consumer attention on the safety of such systems. We continuously test the ASRs in a number of unpredictable environments and continue to improve each model’s obstacle-sensing and crash-prevention technology. Furthermore, the maximum speed of the ASRs typically does not exceed 3 mph, which is not different from normal human walking pace and is unlikely to lead to any significant damage. However, we cannot assure you that a collision, with property or with humans, will not occur, which could damage the ASR, or lead to personal injury or property damage and may subject us to lawsuits. Moreover, any such incident, even without damage, may lead to adverse publicity for us. Such lawsuits or adverse publicity would negatively affect our brand and harm our business, prospects, financial condition and operating results.

Our failure to implement and maintain effective internal control over financial reporting may result in material misstatements in our financial statements, which has and could in the future require us to restate financial statements, cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information and could have an adverse effect on our ability to fundraise.

In connection with the audit of our financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021, we and our independent registered public accounting firm identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting. A “material weakness” is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material

13

Table of Contents

misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected and corrected on a timely basis. The material weakness related to certain corporate finance and accounting oversight functions specifically related to the need for technical accounting and SEC expertise, which was primarily the result of the accounting for the preferred stock warrant liability, evaluation of the features of the convertible notes payable and other equity accounting items, due to lack of sufficient accounting and finance resources throughout 2021. Commencing in the quarter ended December 31, 2020, the Company hired a full-time, in-house accounting team, including a chief financial officer (“CFO”), who has the requisite U.S. GAAP and SEC Commission reporting expertise, to transition the Company from private to publicly listed. To fully address this material weakness and to continue our implementation of new controls and procedures to address this material weakness in 2022, the Company intends to augment its accounting team with additional technical accounting professionals. Additional material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting may be identified in the future. Any failure to maintain existing or implement required new or improved controls, or any difficulties we encounter in their implementation, could result in additional material weaknesses, cause us to fail to meet our periodic reporting obligations or result in material misstatements in our financial statements. The existence of a material weakness could result in errors in our financial statements that could result in a restatement of financial statements and cause us to fail to meet our reporting obligations. If we are unable to effectively remediate material weaknesses in a timely manner, investors could lose confidence in the accuracy and completeness of our financial reports, which could have an adverse effect on our ability to sell our securities and to conduct future fundraising.

The private security industry is undergoing structural changes in technology and services.

The private security industry is undergoing structural changes, consolidation, changing client needs, evolving industry standards and introduction of new products and services. We have encountered and will continue to encounter risks and difficulties frequently experienced by growing companies in such industries. If we do not address these risks successfully, our business will be harmed. Our ability to gain market share depends upon our ability to satisfy client requirements, enhance existing products and develop and introduce new products. Further, we expect the intensity of competition to increase in the future. Increased competitiveness may result in reductions in the prices of our products and services, lower-than-expected gross margins or loss of market share, any of which would harm our business.

The Company may fail in its efforts to secure a material amount of business from the U.S. federal government.

The Company has significantly increased resources dedicated to achieving an Authority-to-Operate ("ATO") from the "FedRamp", targeted for the end 2022. The federal government adopted the Cloud First Policy, which requires all cloud service providers that hold federal data to be FedRamp certified. FedRamp compliance will enable federal agencies to do business with Knightscope. The Company may not achieve ATO during 2022, may never achieve an ATO, or, if achieved, may never garner new business contracts from the effort.

The Company is controlled by certain of its officers and early-stage investors (who hold super voting securities), and they may make decisions that may not reflect the interests of other stockholders.

The holders of our Class B Common Stock and Super Voting Preferred Stock currently control a significant majority of the voting rights of the Company. See Item 1: Note 6 “Capital Stock” for additional information on the capital stock and voting rights of the Company. Holders of our Class B Common Stock (including Mr. Li, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, and Stacy Dean Stephens, our EVP and Chief Client Officer) and the holders of the Super Voting Preferred Stock (collectively, the “Super Voting Stock”), are entitled to ten votes for each such share held at meetings of stockholders, subject to the provisions of the Delaware General Corporate Law and relevant provisions of the Company’s certificate of incorporation. Holders of Class A Common Stock are entitled to one vote for each share held. Holders of Class B Common Stock may convert their shares of Class B Common Stock into shares of Class A Common Stock on a 1:1 basis.

As of February 28, 2022, the holders of the Super Voting Stock beneficially held approximately 86.8% of the Company’s total voting rights, with Mr. Li and Mr. Stephens beneficially holding approximately 31.8% and 13.6%, respectively, of the Company’s voting rights. As a result, holders of the Super Voting Stock (including certain officers of the Company) will be able to exert a significant degree of influence over our management and affairs and control over matters requiring stockholder approval, including the election of our directors and approval of significant corporate transactions. In addition, this concentration of ownership may delay or prevent a change in control of us and might affect the market price of our securities. The interests of these stockholders may not always coincide with the interests of other securityholders of the Company.

14

Table of Contents

Our results of operations may be negatively impacted by the coronavirus pandemic.

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to disruption and volatility in the global capital markets, which could increase our cost of capital and adversely affect our ability to access the capital markets in the future. It is possible that the COVID-19 pandemic could cause a further economic slowdown or recession or cause other unpredictable events, each of which could adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition.

The extent to which COVID-19 continues to affect our financial results will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted, including new information which may emerge concerning the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic related variants, vaccination efforts and the actions to contain COVID-19 and related variants or treat its impact, among others. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has had and may continue to have indeterminable adverse effects on general commercial activity and the world economy, and our business and results of operations have been and could continue to be adversely affected to the extent that COVID-19 or any other pandemic harms the global economy generally.

During 2021, approximately 20% of the Company’s employees, on strict pre-approvals, have been authorized to work from the Company’s headquarters in staggered time slots, while the remainder continue to work from home. As of the date of this report, these procedures remain in place. A significant portion of the Company’s clients are classified as essential service providers, including law enforcement agencies, hospitals, and security teams. While canceled client contracts due to pandemic-related financial hardship has had an effect on the Company’s revenue, some deployments for executed contracts have been delayed simply due to inability to access the facilities during the pandemic and shelter-in-place orders.

The Company is dependent on the global supply chain and has experienced supply chain constraints, as well as increased costs on components and shipping resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic and the continuing conflict in Ukraine.

The Company has experienced supply chain constraints resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, which has slowed down production and will negatively impact the timing of deploying ASRs to our clients. In addition, we are also experiencing supply chain delays as a result of the impact of the continuing conflict in the Ukraine. These supply constraints include, but are not limited to, semiconductor shortages as well as shortages of certain commodities. Extended lead times on certain parts as well as a lack of immediate availability may delay our ability to deploy ASRs, and consequently, may delay our ability to recognize revenue. In addition, the Company has also faced increased costs of components and freight resulting from COVID-19. Further, current or future governmental policies may increase the risk of inflation, which could further increase the costs of raw materials and components for our business. Similarly, if costs of goods continue to increase, our suppliers may seek price increases from us. If we are unable to mitigate the impact of supply chain constraints and inflationary pressure through price increases or other measures, our results of operations and financial condition could be negatively impacted. Even if we are able to raise the prices of our products, consumers might react negatively to such price increases, which could have a material adverse effect on, among other things, our brand, reputation, and sales. If our competitors substantially lower their prices, we may lose customers and mark down prices. Our profitability may be impacted by lower prices, which may negatively impact gross margins. Even though we are working to alleviate supply chain constraints through various measures, we are unable to predict the impact of these constraints on the timing of revenue and operating costs of our business in the near future. Raw material supply shortages and supply chain constraints, including cost inflation, have impacted and could continue to negatively impact our ability to meet increased demand, which in turn could impact our net sales revenues and market share. The increased cost of components and freight as well as ongoing delays in receiving raw materials and components for production are likely to have an impact on sales and profitability throughout 2021 as well as 2022 and 2023.

Risks related to Ownership of our Class A Common Stock

The Company may need to seek additional funds in the future.

The Company has projected operating losses and negative cash flows for the foreseeable future. We believe that the proceeds of the offering that closed on January 26, 2022, together with our cash and cash equivalent balances, cash generated through our agreement with Dimension Funding, and borrowings will be adequate to meet our liquidity needs and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next 12 months. Since the maximum offering amount was not raised, we may require additional funds to maintain our operations and respond to business challenges and opportunities, including the need to develop new products or enhance our existing products, enhance our operating infrastructure or acquire complementary businesses and technologies. Accordingly, we may need to engage in subsequent equity or debt financings to secure additional funds. If we raise additional funds through further issuances of equity or convertible debt securities, our existing stockholders could suffer significant dilution, and any new equity securities we issue could have

15

Table of Contents

rights, preferences and privileges superior to those of holders of our existing capital stock. Any debt financing secured by us in the future could involve restrictive covenants relating to our capital raising activities and other financial and operational matters, which may make it more difficult for us to obtain additional capital and to pursue business opportunities. Such financing could also require us to pledge assets as security for borrowings. If we were to leverage our business by incurring significant debt, we may be required to devote a substantial portion of our cash flow to service that indebtedness. This could require us to modify our business plan, for example, by delaying the expansion of our business. If we are unable to obtain adequate financing or financing on terms satisfactory to us, the Company may have to significantly reduce its operations or delay, scale back or discontinue the development of one or more of its platforms, seek alternative financing arrangements, declare bankruptcy or terminate its operations entirely.

We listed our Class A Common Stock on Nasdaq Global Market (Nasdaq) but may not succeed or be able to satisfy continued listing requirements of Nasdaq to maintain a listing of our Class A Common Stock.

While our Class A Common Stock was listed on Nasdaq, we must meet certain financial and liquidity criteria to maintain such a listing. If we fail to meet any of Nasdaq’s listing standards, our Class A Common Stock may be delisted. In addition, our board of directors may determine that the cost of maintaining our listing on a national securities exchange outweighs the benefits of such a listing. A delisting of our Class A Common Stock from Nasdaq may materially impair our stockholders’ ability to buy and sell our Class A Common Stock and could have an adverse effect on the market price of, and the efficiency of the trading market for, our common stock. In addition, the delisting of our common stock could significantly impair our ability to raise capital.

Our stock price may be volatile.

The market price of our Class A Common Stock is likely to be thinly traded, highly volatile and could fluctuate widely in price in response to various factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the following:

Changes to the physical security and technology industries;
We may not be able to compete successfully against current and future competitors;
Competitive pricing pressures;
Additions or departures of key personnel;
Additional sales of our Class A Common Stock and other securities;
Our ability to execute our business plan;
Operating results that fall below expectations;
Loss of any strategic relationship;
Continued access to working capital funds;
Economic and other external factors; and
The threat of terrorism, geopolitical tensions, and general disruptions in the global economy, including the impacts of military action, financial and economic sanctions, and increasing geopolitical tensions related to the ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine.

In addition, the securities markets have from time to time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations may also materially and adversely affect the market price of our Class A Common Stock. As a result, you may be unable to resell your shares at a desired price.

16

Table of Contents

We have not paid cash dividends in the past and do not expect to pay dividends in the future. Any return on investment may be limited to the value of our Class A Common Stock.

We have never paid cash dividends on our equity securities and do not anticipate doing so in the foreseeable future. The payment of any dividends on our Class A Common Stock will depend on earnings, financial condition and other business and economic factors affecting us at such time as our board of directors may consider relevant. If we do not pay dividends, our Class A Common Stock may be less valuable because a return on your investment will only occur if our stock price appreciates.

If financial securities industry analysts do not publish research reports on us, or publish unfavorable reports on us, then the market price and market trading volume of our common stock could be negatively affected.

Any trading market for our Class A Common Stock will be influenced in part by any research reports that financial securities industry analysts publish about us or our business. We do not currently have and may not obtain any future research coverage by securities industry analysts. In the event we are covered by analysts, and one or more of such analysts downgrade our securities, or otherwise reports on us unfavorably, or discontinues coverage on us, the market price and market trading volume of our common stock could be negatively affected.

We expect to raise additional capital through equity and/or debt offerings and to provide our employees with equity incentives. Therefore, your ownership interest in the Company is likely to continue to be diluted and subordinated.

In order to fund future growth and development, the Company will likely need to raise additional funds in the future by offering shares of its preferred stock and/or other classes of equity or debt that convert into shares of preferred or common stock, any of which offerings would dilute the ownership percentage of our current stockholders. Furthermore, if and when the Company raises debt or issues preferred stock, the holders of the debt will have priority over holders of common and preferred stock, and holders of preferred stock will have priority over holders of common stock, and the Company may accept terms that restrict its ability to incur more debt.

Future issuances of debt securities, which would rank senior to our common stock upon our bankruptcy or liquidation, and future issuances of preferred stock, which would rank senior to our common stock for the purposes of dividends and liquidating distributions, may adversely affect the level of return you may be able to achieve from an investment in our common stock.

In the future, we may attempt to increase our capital resources by offering debt securities. Upon bankruptcy or liquidation, holders of our debt securities, and lenders with respect to other borrowings we may make, would receive distributions of our available assets prior to any distributions being made to holders of our common stock. Moreover, if we issue additional preferred stock, the holders of such preferred stock, together with current holders of Preferred Stock who choose not to convert their shares to common stock, could be entitled to preferences over holders of common stock in respect of the payment of dividends and the payment of liquidating distributions. Because our decision to issue debt or preferred securities in any future offering, or borrow money from lenders, will depend in part on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of any such future offerings or borrowings. Holders of our Class A Common Stock must bear the risk that any future offerings we conduct or borrowings we make may adversely affect the level of return they may be able to achieve from an investment in our common stock.

Because of our status as an emerging growth company, you will not be able to depend on any attestation from our independent registered public accounting firm as to our internal control over financial reporting for the foreseeable future.

Our independent registered public accounting firm will not be required to attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act until the later of the year following our first annual report required to be filed with the Commission or the date we are no longer an “emerging growth company” as defined in the JOBS Act. Accordingly, you will not be able to depend on any attestation concerning our internal control over financial reporting from our independent registered public accounting firm for the foreseeable future.

We have incurred and will continue to incur increased costs as a result of operating as a listed public company and our management will be required to devote substantial time to new compliance initiatives and corporate governance practices.

As a listed public company, and particularly in the future when we are no longer an “emerging growth company,” we will incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses that we have not incurred in the past. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the listing requirements of Nasdaq and other applicable securities rules and regulations

17

Table of Contents

impose various requirements on public companies. Our management and other personnel will need to devote a substantial amount of time to compliance with these requirements. Moreover, these rules and regulations will increase our legal and financial compliance costs and will make some activities more time-consuming and costly. For example, we expect that these rules and regulations may make it more difficult and more expensive for us to obtain directors’ and officers’ liability insurance, which could make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified members of our board of directors. We cannot predict or estimate the amount of additional costs we will incur as a listed public company or the timing of such costs.

Substantial future sales of our Class A Common Stock, or the perception in the public markets that these sales may occur, may depress our stock price.

Sales of substantial amounts of our Class A Common Stock in the public market, or the perception that these sales could occur, could adversely affect the price of our Class A Common Stock and could impair our ability to raise capital through the sale of additional shares. As of March 7, 2022, we have 23,761,895 shares of Class A Common Stock outstanding. Outstanding shares of Class A Common Stock are freely tradable without restriction under the Securities Act. Furthermore, holders of our preferred stock have the option to convert their shares of preferred stock into shares of our common stock. Non-affiliated holders of our Series m Preferred Stock and Series S Preferred Stock who purchased in one of our previous Regulation A and D offerings who have not converted their shares to Class A Common Stock prior to December 31, 2021 had the right at that date to convert their shares into a total of approximately 8,761,797 shares of Class A Common Stock that will be freely tradeable upon issuance to the holders, unless the Preferred Stock was issued with restrictions under Regulation D. Restricted securities may not be sold in the public market unless the sale is registered under the Securities Act or an exemption from registration is available.

All of our shares of common stock may be sold in the public market by existing stockholders following the expiration of the applicable lock-up period, subject to applicable limitations imposed under federal securities laws.

We intend to file one or more registration statements on Form S-8 under the Securities Act to register all shares of Class A Common Stock issued or issuable upon exercise of outstanding options under our stock plans. Any such Form S-8 registration statements will automatically become effective upon filing. Accordingly, shares registered under such registration statements will be available for sale in the open market following the expiration of the applicable lock-up period. We expect that the initial registration statement on Form S-8 will cover shares of our Class A Common Stock.

In the future, we may also issue additional securities if we need to raise capital, which could constitute a material portion of our then-outstanding shares of common stock.

Subsequent offerings or potential recapitalizations of the Company’s capital stock below the offering price or on terms better than the Shares may adversely affect the price per Share and may make it difficult for the Company to continue to sell Shares or other equity or debt securities.

If the Company makes one or more subsequent offerings or recapitalizations of its capital stock or debt at a price below the offering price or on terms otherwise better than those of the Shares, it could potentially create a benchmark price below the offering price and could proportionately reduce the relative attractiveness of the Shares to investors or could otherwise adversely impact the ability of the Company to sell the Shares or other equity or debt securities. This may in turn impact on the rights of the securities and could adversely affect the price per share of the Company’s Class A Common Stock and may make it difficult for the Company to continue to sell Shares or other equity or debt securities.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2. Properties

Knightscope currently leases its premises and owns no significant plant or equipment. The Company’s approximately 15,000 square foot facility in Mountain View, California serves as its headquarters, where it designs, engineers, tests, manufactures and supports all of its technologies. The Company wholly owns its ASRs and typically builds in batches based on client demand refraining where possible in stocking inventory or finished products.

18

Table of Contents

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

The Company may be subject to pending legal proceedings and regulatory actions in the ordinary course of business; however, no such material claims have been identified as of December 31, 2021 that are expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flow.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information and Holders

Our Class A Common Stock is listed and traded on the Nasdaq Global Market under the symbol “KSCP.” As of March 7, 2022, we had (i) 15,493 holders of record of our Class A Common Stock and (ii) 17 holders of our Class B Common Stock.

Dividends

To date, we have not paid any cash dividends on our Class A Common Stock. We expect to retain future earnings for use in operating and expanding our business, and we do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the reasonably foreseeable future.

Future declarations of dividends will depend on, among other things, our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows and capital requirements, and on such other factors as the board of directors may in its discretion consider relevant and in the best long-term interest of stockholders.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

Before the offering terminated on January 26, 2022, there has not been a public market for shares of our Class A Common Stock. Previous classes of stock issued were unregistered securities.

Share Issuance and Warrants

Since its incorporation in 2013, the Company has issued multiple classes of stock and warrants in connection with various financings as described in Note 3 – Debt Obligations and Note 4 – Capital Stock and Warrants of the accompanying financial statements.

Stock Option Grants

During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company granted stock options to employees to acquire an aggregate of 2,415,000 shares of its Class A common stock at exercise prices ranging from $2.34 to $10 per share (the “Options”) valued at approximately $8.9 million upon grant. The stock options vest and become exercisable as to 25% of the option shares after 12 months, and vest as to the remaining shares in equal monthly installments over the subsequent 48 months, subject to continuous service as of each vesting date.

Item 6. [Reserved]

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Introduction

The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and notes thereto included herein as Item 8. This discussion contains forward-looking statements. Refer to “Forward-Looking Statements” on page 4 and “Risk Factors” beginning on page 12, for a discussion of the uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated

19

Table of Contents

with these statements. The historical results presented below are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any future period.

Overview

We are a developer of advanced physical security technologies focused on enhancing U.S. security operations. Knightscope designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and supports ASRs with real-time on-site data collection and analysis and a proprietary interface for both indoor and outdoor usage. In addition, we developed and operate the KSOC which allows real-time data access, a service accessible to all our clients.

Our primary focus is on the development, deployment and marketing of our core technologies which are designed to be a force multiplier, offering improved situational awareness to security professionals and are suitable for most environments that require security patrol coverage. We sell our solutions under an annual subscription, MaaS business model, which includes the ASR rental as well as maintenance, service, support, data transfer, KSOC access, docking stations, and unlimited software, firmware and select hardware upgrades. Our current strategy is to focus on servicing the United States for the foreseeable future before considering global expansion.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our accompanying financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that can have significant impact on the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of assets and liabilities at the date of our financial statements. For the Company, these estimates include, but are not limited to: deriving the useful lives of ASRs, determination of the cost of ASRs, assessing assets for impairment, and the valuation of convertible preferred stock warrants and stock options. Actual results could differ from those estimates. We base our estimates, assumptions and judgments on historical experience and various other factors that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. On a regular basis, we evaluate our estimates, assumptions and judgments and make changes accordingly.

We believe the following critical accounting estimates affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in preparing our financial statements. Please see Note 1 to our financial statements, which are included in Item 8 “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” of this Annual Report, for our Company Summary of Significant Accounting Policies. There have been no material changes made to the critical accounting estimates during the periods presented in the financial statements.

Autonomous Security Robots, net (“ASRs”)

ASRs consist of materials, ASRs in progress and finished ASRs. ASRs in progress and finished ASRs include materials, labor and other direct and indirect costs used in their production. Finished ASRs are valued using a discrete bill of materials, which includes an allocation of labor and direct overhead based on assembly hours. Depreciation expense on ASRs is recorded using the straight-line method over their estimated expected lives, which currently ranges from 3 to 4.5 years. Depreciation expense of finished ASRs included in research and development expense amounted to $82 thousand and $83 thousand, depreciation expense of finished ASRs included in sales and marketing expense amounted to $71 thousand and $70 thousand, and depreciation expense included in cost of revenue, net amounted to $1.4 million and $1.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

ASRs, net, consisted of the following (in thousands):

    

December 31,

2021

2020

Raw materials

$

1,041

$

597

ASRs in progress

 

427

 

132

Finished ASRs

 

7,695

 

6,217

 

9,163

 

6,946

Accumulated depreciation on Finished ASRs

 

(6,192)

 

(4,656)

ASRs, net

$

2,971

$

2,290

20

Table of Contents

The components of the Finished ASRs, net at December 31, 2021 and 2020 are as follows:

ASRs on lease or available for lease

    

$

6,489

    

$

4,822

Demonstration ASRs

 

585

 

604

Research and development ASRs

 

320

 

567

Charge boxes

 

301

 

224

 

7,695

 

6,217

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

(6,192)

 

(4,656)

Finished ASRs, net

$

1,503

$

1,561

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

The Company assesses the impairment of long-lived assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable from the estimated future cash flows expected to result from their use or eventual disposition. If estimates of future undiscounted net cash flows are insufficient to recover the carrying value of the assets, the Company will record an impairment loss in the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value. If the assets are determined to be recoverable, but the useful lives are shorter than originally estimated, the Company will depreciate or amortize the net book value of the assets over the newly determined remaining useful lives. None of the Company’s ASRs or property and equipment was determined to be impaired during the year ended December 31, 2021 and 2020.

Convertible Preferred Warrant Liabilities and Common Stock Warrants

Freestanding warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s preferred stock are classified as liabilities on the balance sheets at their estimated fair value because the underlying shares of preferred stock are contingently redeemable and, therefore, may obligate the Company to transfer assets at some point in the future. The preferred stock warrants are recorded at fair value upon issuance and are subject to remeasurement to their respective estimated fair values. At the end of each reporting period, changes in the estimated fair value of the preferred stock warrants are recorded in the statements of operations. The Company will continue to adjust the liability associated with the preferred stock warrants for changes in the estimated fair value until the earlier of the exercise or expiration of the preferred stock warrants, the completion of a sale of the Company or an underwritten initial public offering (“IPO”). Upon an IPO, the preferred stock warrants will convert into warrants to purchase common stock and any liabilities recorded for the preferred stock warrants will be reclassified to additional paid-in capital and will no longer be subject to remeasurement.

The Company issued common stock warrants in connection with the execution of a certain debt financing during the year ended December 31, 2015. These common stock warrants are not considered derivative liabilities are accounted for at fair value at the date of issuance in additional paid-in capital and remain outstanding as of December 31, 2021. The fair value of these common stock warrants is determined using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.

Share-Based Compensation

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation, which requires that the estimated fair value on the date of grant be determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the fair value recognized over the requisite service period of the awards, which is generally the option vesting period. Stock-based awards made to nonemployees are measured and recognized based on the estimated fair value on the vesting date and are re-measured at each reporting period. The Company’s determination of the fair value of the stock-based awards on the date of grant, using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, is affected by the fair value of the Company’s common stock as well as other assumptions regarding a number of highly complex and subjective variables. These variables include but are not limited to the Company’s expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and actual and projected employee option exercise behaviors. Because there is insufficient historical information available to estimate the expected term of the stock-based awards, the Company adopted the simplified method of estimating the expected term of options granted by taking the average of the vesting term and the contractual term of the option. For awards with graded vesting, the Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense over the service period using the straight-line method, based on shares ultimately expected to vest. The Company recognizes forfeitures as they occur when calculating stock-based compensation for its equity awards.

21

Table of Contents

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth certain historical statements of operations data (in thousands) and such data as a percentage of revenue for the periods indicated.

    

Year ended December 31,

 

2021

    

    

2020

    

 

Revenue, net

$

3,407

 

100

%  

$

3,335

 

100

%

Cost of revenue, net

 

5,464

 

160

%  

 

4,634

 

139

%

Gross loss

 

(2,057)

 

(60)

%  

 

(1,299)

 

(39)

%

Operating Expenses

Research and development

 

5,601

 

164

%  

 

3,245

 

97

%

Sales and marketing

 

12,017

 

353

%  

 

7,310

 

219

%

General and administrative

 

4,880

 

143

%  

 

2,788

 

84

%

Total operating expenses

 

22,498

 

660

%  

 

13,343

 

400

%

Loss from operations

 

(24,555)

 

(721)

%  

 

(14,642)

 

(439)

%

Interest expense, net

 

(4,333)

 

(127)

%  

 

(2,259)

 

(68)

%

Change in fair value of warrant liabilities

 

(15,718)

 

(461)

%  

 

(2,425)

 

(73)

%

Other income (expense), net

 

763

 

(22)

%  

 

(11)

 

%

Total other expense, net

 

(19,288)

 

(566)

%  

 

(4,695)

 

(141)

%

Loss before income tax expense

 

(43,843)

 

(1,287)

%  

 

(19,337)

 

(580)

%

Income tax expense

 

 

%  

 

(4)

 

%

Net loss

$

(43,843)

 

(1,287)

%  

$

(19,341)

 

(580)

%

Revenue, net

Revenue for the year ended December 31, 2021 was relatively flat at approximately $3.4 million, as compared to approximately $3.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, primarily due to new deployments in 2021 offset by increased backlog resulting from supply chain delays and client subscription terminations.

Cost of revenue, net

Cost of revenue, net for the year ended December 31, 2021 was approximately $5.5 million, as compared to approximately $4.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, representing an increase of approximately $0.8 million, or approximately 18%. As a percentage of revenue, cost of revenue, net increased to 160% from 139%. The increase in cost of revenue, net was primarily related to increased depreciation, service, consumable supplies and hardware costs relating to deployed ASR’s as well as increased personnel costs partially due to increased headcount.

Gross loss

Gross loss for the year ended December 31, 2021 was approximately $2.1 million, as compared to $1.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, representing an increase of $0.8 million, or 59%. The increase in gross loss was primarily due to revenue remaining unchanged from 2020 to 2021 coupled with an incremental increase in costs during 2021 relating to deployed ASR’s and increased personnel related costs.

Research and Development

    

Year Ended

    

    

    

 

December 31,

 

2021

    

2020

$ Change

% Change

 

Research and development

$

5,601

$

3,245

$

2,356

 

73

%

Percentage of total revenue

 

164

%  

 

97

%  

 

  

 

  

22

Table of Contents

Research and development (“R&D”) expense for the year ended December 31, 2021 was approximately $5.6 million, or 164% of revenue, compared to R&D expense of $3.2 million, or 97% of revenue, for the year ended December 31, 2020. R&D expense increased primarily due to investment in FedRamp and cybersecurity necessitating increased headcount.

Sales and marketing

    

Year Ended

    

    

    

 

December 31,

 

2021

    

2020

$ Change

% Change

 

Sales and marketing

$

12,017

$

7,310

$

(4,707)

 

(64)

%

Percentage of total revenue

 

353

%  

 

219

%  

 

  

 

  

Sales and marketing expense for the year ended December 31, 2021 was approximately $12.0 million, or 353% of revenue, compared to sales and marketing expense of $7.3 million, or 219% of revenue, for the year ended December 31, 2020. The increase in sales and marketing expense was primarily due to an increase in in the Company’s advertising expense during the 2020 and 2021 Regulation A Offerings as well as increased investment in professional services to support sales during 2021.

General and administrative

    

Year Ended

    

    

    

 

December 31,

 

2021

    

2020

$ Change

% Change

 

General and administrative

$

4,880

$

2,788

$

2,092

 

75

%

Percentage of total revenue

 

143

%  

 

84

%  

 

  

 

  

General and administrative (“G&A”) expense for the year ended December 31, 2021 was approximately $4.9 million, or 143% of revenue, compared to G&A expense of $2.8 million, or 84% of revenue, for the year ended December 31, 2020. The increase in G&A expense was primarily due to an increase in personnel related costs relating to hiring an in-house accounting team and chief financial officer as well as legal and professional services incurred in connection with changing transfer agents, high volumes of stock conversions, and the 2021 Offering and public listing efforts.

Interest expense, net

Year Ended

 

December 31,

 

    

2021

    

2020

    

$ Change

    

% Change

 

Interest expense, net

$

4,333

$

2,259

$

2,074

 

92

%

Percentage of total revenue

 

127

%  

 

68

%  

 

  

 

  

Interest expense, net for the year ended December 31, 2021 was approximately $4.3 million, compared to interest expense net of $2.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2020. The increase in interest expense is primarily due to an increase in the amortization of debt discount by $1.5 million and an increase in the cumulative principal balance related to convertible notes.

Change in fair value of warrant liability

The expense relating to the change in the fair value of warrant liability increased by approximately $13.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2021 to $15.7 million, as compared to expense relating to the fair value of warrant liability for the year ended December 31, 2020 of $2.4 million. The change in the fair value of the warrant liability is attributable to the increase in the fair value of the preferred stock warrants that are accounted for as a liability.

Other income (expense), net

Other income, net for the year ended December 31, 2021 was approximately $0.8 million, as compared to other expense, net of $11 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2020. The increase in other income, net was primarily due to the PPP Loan (as described in Note 3: Debt Obligations) forgiveness in May 2021 that was recorded as other income, net offset by fees relating to Dimension Funding referral fees (see Liquidity and Capital Resources below).

23

Table of Contents

The following table sets forth total other income (expense), as described above, for the periods indicated:

    

Year Ended

    

    

    

 

December 31

 

2021

    

2020

$ Change

% Change

 

Interest expense, net

$

(4,333)

$

(2,259)

$

(2,074)

 

(92)

%

Change in fair value of warrant liability

 

(15,718)

 

(2,425)

$

(13,293)

 

(548)

%

Other income, net

 

763

 

(11)

 

774

 

7,031

%

Total other income (expense)

$

(19,288)

$

(4,695)

$

(14,593)

 

311

%

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of December 31, 2021, and 2020, we had $10.7 million and $7.1 million, respectively, of cash and cash equivalents. As of December 31, 2021, the Company also had an accumulated deficit of approximately $113.7 million, working capital of $1.1 million and stockholders’ deficit of $ 82.9 million. On April 20, 2021, the Company entered into a Referral Agreement with Dimension Funding, LC (“Dimension”), whereby the Company can generate up to $10 million of immediate cash flow by referring its clients to Dimension for financing of their annual fees over the MaaS subscription term. This agreement enables the Company to quickly offset the up-front costs associated with building and deploying ASR’s by accelerating collection of its accounts receivable. In addition, as of March 16, 2022, the Company’s cash balance was approximately $22.3 million, which includes net proceeds from the Regulation A Offering terminated on January 26, 2022 as disclosed in Note 10 – Subsequent Events. The Company has projected operating losses and negative cash flows of approximately $1.5 million per month, on average, for the next several months. The Company has sufficient working capital to fund at least twelve months of operations. There can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in acquiring additional funding at levels sufficient to fund its future operations beyond this period. If the Company is unable to raise additional capital in sufficient amounts or on terms acceptable to it, the Company may have to significantly reduce its operations, delay, scale back or discontinue the development of one or more of its platforms or discontinue operations completely.

Cash Flow

The table below, for the periods indicated, provides selected cash flow information:

    

Year ended December 31,

2021

    

2020

(In thousands)

Net cash used in operating activities

$

(20,106)

$

(15,169)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(2,333)

 

(632)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

26,131

 

22,249

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

$

3,692

$

6,448

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

Net cash used in operating activities is influenced by the amount of cash we invest in personnel, marketing, and infrastructure to support the anticipated growth of our business, the number of clients to whom we lease our ASRs, the amount and timing of accounts receivable collections, as well as the amount and timing of disbursements to our vendors.

Net cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2021 increased by $4.9 million to $20.1 million, compared to $15.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2020. This increase was due to a net loss increase of approximately $24.5 million and increases in cash used in operating activities over the prior year of approximately $0.6 million and $0.1 million resulting from changes in prepaid expenses and accounts receivable, respectively, along with foregiveness of the PPP loan of approximately $0.8 million. These increases were partially offset by decreases over the prior year resulting from changes of approximately $13.3 million, $3.1 million, $1.5 million, $1.0 million, $0.4 million, $0.8 million, $0.5 million, $0.4 million, and $0.2 million in the fair value of warrants, accounts payable and accrued expenses, amortization of debt discount, interest related to preferred stock warrants, accured interest, stock compensation expense, other current and noncurrent liabilities, deferred revenue, and depreciation and amortization, respectively.

24

Table of Contents

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

Our primary investing activities have consisted of capital expenditures and investment in ASRs. As our business grows, we expect our capital expenditures to continue to increase.

Net cash used in investing activities for the year ended December 31, 2021 was approximately $2.3 million compared to $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2020, an increase of $1.7 million. The increase was primarily a result of an increase in the investment in ASRs.

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

Our financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2021, consisted primarily of raising proceeds through issuing stock in connection with the Company’s 2020 Regulation A offering and the issuance of convertible preferred notes.

Net cash provided by financing activities was approximately $26.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2021, an increase of approximately $3.9 million as compared to the year ended December 31, 2020 primarily driven by an increase in net proceeds from the issuance of convertible notes of approximately $7.1 million and no net loan proceeds and loan payments in 2021 providing approximately $1.7 million offset by lower net proceeds received from the issuance of Series S Preferred Stock of approximately $5.0 million, versus 2020, relating to the sale of Series S Preferred Stock in connection with the 2020 Regulation A Offering that terminated on April 21, 2021.

Series S Preferred Regulation A Offerings

On May 21, 2019 the Company filed an offering statement in connection with a proposed offering of up to $50 million of its Series S Preferred Stock pursuant to Regulation A of the Securities Act, to raise additional capital for operations (the “2019 Regulation A Offering”). The 2019 Regulation A Offering terminated on July 22, 2020. The Company issued 2,937,467 shares of Series S Preferred Stock and raised approximately $23.5 million from the 2019 Regulation A offering, offset by $2.2 million in issuance costs.

On September 15, 2020, the Company filed an offering statement in connection with a proposed offering of up to $25 million of its Series S Preferred Stock pursuant to Regulation A of the Securities Act, to raise additional capital for operations (the “2020 Regulation A Offering”). The 2020 Regulation A Offering terminated on April 21, 2021. As of December 31, 2021, the Company issued 2,107,330 shares of Series S Preferred Stock and raised approximately $21.1 million from the 2020 Regulation A Offering, offset by $2.3 million in issuance costs.

Convertible Promissory Notes and Series S Preferred Stock Warrants, and the Related Conversion of Certain Series m-3 Preferred Stock into Series m-4 Preferred Stock

On April 30, 2019 the Company signed a Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement under the form of which the Company can issue up to $15 million of convertible promissory notes and warrants to purchase up to 3,000,000 shares of Series S Preferred Stock (the “Convertible Note Financing”). Pursuant to the terms of the Convertible Note Financing, the Company became obligated to exchange certain of its outstanding shares of Series m-3 Preferred Stock for the newly authorized shares of Series m-4 Preferred Stock upon the closing of at least $1 million in aggregate principal amount of convertible promissory notes under the Convertible Note Financing. On September 10, 2019, the Company issued, to the same group of Convertible Note Financing investors, 1,432,786 shares of its Series m-4 Preferred Stock in exchange for 1,432,786 shares of its shares of Series m-3 Preferred Stock held by such investors. The Series m-4 Preferred Stock has a senior liquidation preference to all other Preferred Stock and Common Stock of the Company, has an accruing payment in kind dividend in the form of Series m-4 Preferred Stock of 12%, and has certain other preferential rights, including voting rights, as further explained in the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation. Exchange of Series m-3 Preferred Stock for Series m-4 Preferred Stock was inclusive of inducement expenses of $0.9 million (see Note 4 – Capital Stock and Warrants to the audited financial statements for details). Warrants to purchase shares of Series S Preferred Stock of the Company were also issued to investors who invested in the Convertible Note Financing. These warrants to purchase shares of Series S Preferred Stock have an exercise price of $4.50 per share and expired on the earlier of December 31, 2021 or 18 months after the closing of the Company’s first firm commitment underwritten initial public offering of the Company’s common stock pursuant to a registration statement filed under the Securities Act. The convertible promissory notes have a maturity date of January 1, 2022, provide for interest at a rate of 12% per annum payable upon the maturity date, are generally the most senior company security (subject to limited subordination carve-outs) and provide for significant discounts upon a qualified financing or an initial public offering, and for a premium upon a change of control.

25

Table of Contents

As of December 31, 2021, the Company had issued convertible notes in the aggregate principal amount of approximately $14.7 million (out of $15 million). Warrants for the purchase of up to 2,941,814 shares of Series S Preferred Stock were also issued and accrued for, respectively, to the same convertible note holders. The warrants have an exercise price of $4.50 per share, originally set to expire on December 31, 2021.

On November 18, 2021, the Company agreed to amend the Note and Warrant Purchase Agreement (see Note 3 -- Debt Obligations -- Convertible Note Financing) and the convertible notes and warrants to purchase Series S Preferred Stock issued thereunder principally as follows: (i) the scheduled maturity date of the convertible notes was extended from January 1, 2022 to January 1, 2024, (ii) the interest rate of the convertible notes was reduced from 12% per annum to 3% per annum starting on January 1, 2022, (iii) the conversion terms of the convertible notes were revised so that the convertible notes would automatically convert into Class A common stock upon the listing of the Company’s Class A common stock for trading on a nationally recognized securities exchange (e.g., the New York Stock Exchange) or inter-dealer quotation system (e.g., Nasdaq), (iv) the exercise period of the warrants was extended from December 31, 2021 to December 31, 2024 and will commence on January 1, 2023, and (v) the cashless exercise feature was removed from the warrants. The conversion price of the convertible notes for conversion into Class A common stock was not changed and remains at $2.50 per share and the exercise price of the warrants to purchase Series S Preferred Stock was not changed and remains at $4.50 per share.

In connection with the Convertible Note Financing, later amended on November 18, 2021, William Santana Li, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, was granted a voting proxy to vote substantially all of the shares of the Company’s Series m-4 Preferred Stock, the stock issued upon the conversion of warrants to purchase all of the shares of the Company’s Series m-3 Preferred Stock, the stock issued upon the conversion of warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s Series S Preferred Stock, and the stock issued upon conversion of the convertible promissory notes issued as part of the Convertible Note Financing, in each case to the extent that such shares are held by participants in the Convertible Note Financing (the “Voting Proxy”). The votes held by Mr. Li, as a result of the Voting Proxy and related to the outstanding securities to which the Voting Proxy applies, represents approximately 1.15% of the Company’s aggregate voting power as of February 28, 2022.

The Series S Preferred Stock has a right to convert at any time into Class A Common Stock. The initial conversion rate was 1:1, which conversion rate will continue to be adjusted pursuant to the broad-based weighted average anti-dilution adjustment provisions provided for in the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, including without limitation as a result of the issuance of warrants to purchase Series S Preferred Stock in connection with the Convertible Note Financing referenced in the paragraph above, which may continue to have closings simultaneously with the Regulation D Offering of Series S Preferred Stock. As of December 31, 2021, the conversion rate has been adjusted to approximately 1.1069 shares of Class A Common Stock for every 1 share of Series S Preferred Stock, and remains subject to further adjustment.

In connection with the placement of the Series m-3 Preferred Stock during the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2018, the Company issued to the purchasers warrants to purchase an aggregate of 1,432,786 shares of Series m-3 Preferred Stock. These warrants have an exercise price of $4.00 per share. Pursuant to a second amendment to the Warrants to Purchase Shares of Series M-3 Preferred Stock Agreement dated November 18, 2021, the exercise period of the warrants was extended from December 31, 2021 to December 31, 2024 and shall be exercisable, in whole or in part, beginning January 1, 2023. In addition, the cashless exercise feature was removed from the warrants.

Credit Facilities

In November 2016, the Company granted each of Structural Capital Investments II, LP and Structural Capital Investments II-C, LP a warrant to purchase an aggregate of 53,918 Series B Preferred Stock shares. The warrants have an exercise price of $2.0401 per share and expire upon the later of November 7, 2026 or two years following the Company’s firm commitment underwritten initial public offering of the Company’s common stock pursuant to a registration statement filed under the Securities Act, provided that the aggregate gross proceeds to the Company are not less than $50 million.

In May 2018, the Company entered into a Loan and Security Agreement with Silicon Valley Bank, which allowed for individual term loans to be drawn in amounts totaling up to $3.5 million (the “SVB Loan Facility”). The Company had the ability to draw funds under the SVB Loan Facility until the earlier of January 10, 2019 or an event of default. Each individual term loan called for 18 equal monthly payments of principal plus accrued interest which would fully amortize the term loan. Outstanding borrowings under the term loan agreement bore interest at a floating rate of 1.75% above the prime rate as published in the Wall Street Journal. Only one individual term loan in the amount of $0.4 million was drawn by the Company in May 2018. The loan was fully repaid in February 2019 in connection with a new $3 million debt received from Farnam Street Financial (“Farnam”).

26

Table of Contents

In connection with the SVB Loan Facility, the Company granted Silicon Valley Bank a warrant to purchase up to 77,413 shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock at an exercise price of $1.26 per share and which expires on the earlier of ten years from the date of the warrant or a change in control of the Company.

In order to obtain capital to finance our operations, in February 2019 the Company entered into a financing arrangement with Farnam for $3 million (the “Farnam Financing Arrangement”). Under the Farnam Financing Arrangement, we collateralized fifty (50) ASRs and had an initial repayment period of two years for a monthly payment of $0.1 million plus tax and an option to repurchase these ASRs for $1.4 million plus tax or, at the end of the two-year period (March 2021) we could elect to extend the repayment period for one additional year at a monthly payment of $0.1 million plus tax with a final payment of $0.6 million plus tax at the end of the additional year. The effective interest rate under the two and three-year repayment periods was 35% and 31%, respectively. On April 24, 2020, we amended the Farnam Financing Arrangement with Farnam by deferring the March and April 2020 payments due to Farnam to the end of the Farnam Financing Arrangement and by extending the term of the agreement by two months and forgoing security deposit of $0.2 million paid to Farnam. The Farnam Financing Arrangement with Farnam was terminated and settled in November 2020, with no subsequent payments due to Farnam. The final payment to Farnam consisted of the aggregate amount of remaining payments due through March 2021 and a reduced equipment purchase amount of $1 million plus tax.

On April 24, 2020, the Company, entered into a promissory note evidencing an unsecured loan in the aggregate amount of approximately $0.8 million made to Knightscope under the Paycheck Protection Program that was established under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act and was administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”) (the “PPP Loan”). The PPP Loan to Knightscope was made through Fresno First Bank. The interest rate on the PPP Loan was 1.00% and the term is two years.

The Company submitted its PPP Loan forgiveness application to the SBA in January 2021. The PPP Loan of $0.8 million and the accrued interest of $9 thousand were forgiven by the SBA on May 20, 2021.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide this information

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

27

Table of Contents

KNIGHTSCOPE, INC.

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

    

Page

Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (PCAOB ID: 207)

F-2

Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2021 and 2020

F-3

Statements of Operations for the Fiscal Years Ended December 31, 2021 and 2020

F-4

Statements of Preferred Stock and Stockholders’ Deficit for the Fiscal Years Ended December 31, 2021 and 2020

F-5

Statements of Cash Flows for the Fiscal Years Ended December 31, 2021 and 2020

F-6

Notes to Financial Statements

F-7

F-1

Table of Contents

Independent Auditors’ Report

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of

Knightscope, Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Knightscope, Inc. (a Delaware corporation) (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, and the related statements of operations, preferred stock and stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2021, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2021, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits, we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ BPM LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2020.

San Jose, California

March 31, 2022

F-2

Table of Contents

KNIGHTSCOPE, INC.

BALANCE SHEET

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

December 31, 

    

2021

    

2020

ASSETS

Current assets:

    

  

    

  

Cash and cash equivalents

$

10,749

$

7,057

Restricted cash

 

100

 

100

Accounts receivable, (net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $250 and $279 as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively)

 

1,189

 

874

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

1,299

 

757

Total current assets

 

13,337

 

8,788

Autonomous Security Robots, net

 

2,971

 

2,290

Property, equipment and software, net

 

117

 

22

Operating lease right-of-use-assets

 

1,077

 

1,624

Other assets

 

78

 

220

Total assets

$

17,580

$

12,944

LIABILITIES, PREFERRED STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

 

  

 

  

Current liabilities:

 

  

 

  

Accounts payable

$

1,514

$

232

Accrued expenses

 

1,191

 

864

Deferred revenue

 

889

 

522

Debt obligations

 

7,109

 

Operating lease liabilities

 

648

 

560

Other current liabilities

 

893

 

460

Total current liabilities

 

12,244

 

2,638

Debt obligations

 

 

4,579

Preferred stock warrant liability

 

30,566

 

5,617

Operating lease liabilities

 

485

 

1,133

Total liabilities

 

43,295

 

13,967

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

 

  

 

  

Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value; 43,405,324 shares authorized as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, 19,617,107 and 25,770,360 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively; aggregate liquidation preference of $60,841 and $78,919 as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively

 

57,218

 

65,162

Stockholders' deficit:

 

  

 

  

Class A common stock, $0.001 par, 114,000,000 shares authorized as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, 5,936,929 and 0 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively

 

6

 

Class B common stock, $0.001 par, 30,000,000 shares authorized as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, 13,131,197 and 10,189,000 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively

 

13

 

10

Additional paid-in capital

 

30,745

 

3,051

Accumulated deficit

 

(113,697)

 

(69,246)

Total stockholders' deficit

 

(82,933)

 

(66,185)

Total liabilities, preferred stock and stockholders’ deficit

$

17,580

$

12,944

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements.

F-3

Table of Contents

KNIGHTSCOPE, INC.

STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except share and per share data)

Year ended December 31, 

2021

2020

Revenue, net

$

3,407

$

3,335

Cost of revenue, net

    

 

5,464

    

 

4,634

Gross loss

 

(2,057)

 

(1,299)

Operating expenses:

 

  

 

  

Research and development

 

5,601

 

3,245

Sales and marketing

 

12,017

 

7,310

General and administrative

 

4,880

 

2,788

Total operating expenses

 

22,498

 

13,343

Loss from operations

 

(24,555)

 

(14,642)

Other income (expense):

 

  

 

  

Interest expense, net

 

(4,333)

 

(2,259)

Change in fair value of warrant liabilities

 

(15,718)

 

(2,425)

Other income (expense), net

 

763

 

(11)

Total other income (expense)

 

(19,288)

 

(4,695)

Loss before income tax expense

 

(43,843)

 

(19,337)

Income tax expense

 

 

(4)

Net loss

 

(43,843)

 

(19,341)

Preferred stock dividends

 

(608)

 

(658)

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

$

(44,451)

$

(19,999)

Basic and diluted net loss per share of Class A and Class B common stock

$

(4.18)

$

(1.96)

Weighted average shares used to compute basic and diluted net loss per share

 

10,631,774

 

10,189,000

See accompanying Notes to Financial Statements.

F-4

Table of Contents

KNIGHTSCOPE, INC.

STATEMENTS OF PREFERRED STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT

(In thousands except share data)

Series m

Series m-1

Series m-2

Series m-4

Series A

Series B

Class A

Class B

Preferred

Preferred

Preferred

Series m-3

Preferred

Series S

Preferred

Preferred

common

common

Total

stock

stock

stock

Preferred stock

stock

Preferred stock

stock

stock

stock

stock

Additional

Accumulative

Stockholders'

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Shares

Amount

Paid-in-capital

Deficit

Deficit

Balance at December 31, 2019

    

5,339,215

    

$

13,866

    

    

    

1,660,756

    

$

4,982

    

16,757

    

$

46

    

1,432,786

    

$

5,168

    

781,870

    

$

5,604

    

8,936,015

    

$

3,865

    

4,653,583

    

$

9,442

    

    

$

    

10,179,000

    

$

10

    

$

2,529

    

$

(49,247)

    

$

(46,708)

Stock based compensation

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

519

519

Stock options exercised

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

10,000

3

3

Issuance of Series s Preferred stock, net of issuance costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,949,378

 

21,531

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

Series m-4 accrued dividend

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

658

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

(658)

(658)

Net loss